Ship’s Officers s must be qualified in the competence standards required by the UN International Maritime organizations, STCW Convention (the International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification an d watch keeping for seafarers), Seafarer are only permitted to work on international trading ships of issued with STCW certificates in either the deck or engine department . These qualifications are recognized internationally.
In order to be issued with an STCW certificates, Officers, must normally complete 2/3, year of on board training at sea, in addition to their shore based education and training in a maritime academy .Department on the national system, most newly, qualified officers have typically has between 3 and 4 Years training including on board training which may occur at the end of a shore based course or be taken at internals is between shore based courses.
The following are some of the skills learned by trainee deck officers in accordance with international requirements
Managing a navigation watch (in effect taking charge of safety of the ship), Navigation planning a passage using charts), using radar and high tech aids, radio communications (using maritime satellite systems), maneuvering the ship, cargo handling crew management, pollution prevention ,Fire fighting life boat use, and medical care.
The following engineering watch (in effect taking charge of safety of the ship), Marine engineering , maintenance repair and reassembly of ship board, engines and equipment electrical engineering , electronic engineering , control engineering crew management pollution prevention fire fighting lifeboat use, and medical care.